The ceramics group, led by Linda Swanson, returned to 3E at the end of August to continue their on-site experimentations in local clay and mineral sourcing and on-site ceramics firing. This time, firing was done using the simplest and oldest method, in a fire-pit. Plans are ongoing toward the future construction on 3E land of a newly designed ecological kiln that uses a fraction of the wood required by a traditional wood-burning kilns. The French designers of the new “Girel 3E” kiln (3E for ergonomic, economical and ecological) have agreed to come to the 3E land to oversee construction of the kiln, which will be the first in North America and one of only a handful in the world so far (see schematics below). Once completed, the kiln will become the focus of continuing ceramics activities, including residencies for ceramic artists.